Cassia fistula (Golden Rain Tree) is a flowering tree native to the Indian subcontinent and other parts of Southeast Asia. IT is a medium-sized deciduous tree that typically grows to a height of 30 to 40 feet (9 to 12 meters) with a spread of 25 to 35 feet (7.5 to 10.5 meters). It has a spreading, umbrella-like crown with a moderately dense canopy. The leaves are pinnately compound and have a light green color, turning yellow before shedding in the fall. The tree is best known for its spectacular display of yellow flowers.
Flowers: The Golden Rain Tree produces clusters of large, showy flowers in early summer. The flowers are bright yellow and pendulous, with a tubular shape and five petals. The blossoms hang in long, drooping racemes, creating a stunning visual effect. The tree is often referred to as the "Golden Shower Tree" due to the profusion of golden flowers that cover the branches.
Fruits: After the flowering period, the Golden Rain Tree produces elongated seed pods that are dark brown or black in color. These pods can grow up to 2 feet (60 centimeters) in length and contain several hard, black seeds. The pods persist on the tree throughout the winter months.
Habitat and Range: Golden Rain Trees are well-suited to tropical and subtropical regions. They prefer full sun exposure and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. They are commonly found in parks, gardens, and along streets and avenues as ornamental trees.
Landscape Use: Golden Rain Trees are popular in landscaping due to their stunning flowers and attractive foliage. They are often planted as specimen trees in gardens and parks. Their vibrant yellow flowers provide a striking contrast against the green foliage and make them a focal point in the landscape.
Cultural Significance: In many cultures, the Golden Rain Tree holds cultural and religious significance. It is often associated with joy, prosperity, and abundance. The tree's flowers are used in traditional medicine for their potential health benefits.
Maintenance: Golden Rain Trees are relatively low-maintenance. They are drought-tolerant once established and require minimal pruning. Regular watering is beneficial during dry periods to ensure optimal growth and flowering.
Botanical Name : Cassia fistula
Common Name : Golden Rain Tree
Height : 25 – 40 ft
Spread : 35 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires a scarification prior to sowing to break down the hard seed coat .
Hardiness zone : 9-12
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 190