Crataegus monogyna (Single Seed English Hawthorn) is a deciduous tree or shrub that belongs to the Rosaceae family. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles, and is widely cultivated for its attractive flowers, colorful berries, and as a hedging plant.
Appearance: Single Seed English Hawthorn is a small to medium-sized tree or shrub that typically reaches a height of 4-8 meters (13-26 feet). It has a dense and rounded crown with branches that spread out horizontally. The bark is grayish-brown, and the branches may have thorns.
Leaves: The leaves of Single Seed English Hawthorn are oval-shaped, deeply lobed, and are dark green in color and turn shades of yellow, orange, or red in the fall, providing a lovely display of autumn colors.
Flowers: In spring, Single Seed English Hawthorn produces clusters of fragrant, white flowers. Each flower has five petals and a prominent cluster of stamens in the center. The flowers are visited by bees and other pollinators and add beauty to the tree.
Fruits: After flowering, Single Seed English Hawthorn develops small, spherical berries known as haws. The haws are initially green but turn bright red as they mature. They persist on the tree into late autumn or winter, providing a food source for birds and other wildlife. The berries are also edible for humans and can be used to make jellies or herbal teas.
Landscape Use: Single Seed English Hawthorn is commonly used as an ornamental tree or shrub in gardens and landscapes. It can be planted as a specimen tree, in mixed borders, or as a hedging plant. Its attractive flowers, colorful berries, and fall foliage make it visually appealing throughout the seasons.
Botanical Name : Crataegus monogyna
Common Name : Single Seed English Hawthorn
Height : 25 – 30 ft
Spread : 20- 25 ft
Germination Info : Scarify seeds followed by 120 days cold stratification
Hardiness zone : 4-7
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 388