ZIZIA aurea (Golden Alexander) is a native perennial wildflower found in North America. It belongs to the Apiaceae family and is known for its clusters of bright yellow flowers and attractive foliage. Golden Alexanders is native to eastern Canada and the United States, from the eastern Great Plains to the Atlantic Coast. Named for Johann Baptist Ziz, a German botanist.
Golden Alexander is a clump-forming perennial that typically reaches a height of 1 to 3 feet (30 to 90 cm) and spreads about 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm) wide. It has an upright and sturdy growth habit, with multiple stems arising from the base. This wildflower thrives in full sun to partial shade conditions. It prefers moist to moderately dry, well-drained soils. Golden Alexander is adaptable to various soil types, including loam, clay, and sandy soils.
Golden Alexander produces clusters of small, yellow flowers that form flattened, umbrella-shaped flowerheads. The flowers have five petals and bloom in spring and early summer. The bright yellow color of the flowers is eye-catching and attracts pollinators like bees and butterflies.
The plant features basal leaves and alternate, pinnately compound leaves with three to five leaflets. The foliage is bright green and has a delicate, lacy appearance. The leaves are deeply toothed and add an attractive texture to the plant.
Golden Alexander is a valuable plant for pollinators and attracts a variety of bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects to the garden. The flowers provide nectar and pollen, serving as an important food source for these creatures. Additionally, the plant is a host plant for the caterpillars of some butterfly species.
Golden Alexander, or Zizia aurea, is a native wildflower with clusters of bright yellow flowers and attractive foliage. Its ecological value, adaptability, and aesthetic appeal make it a great addition to gardens aiming to support pollinators and add a touch of vibrant yellow to the landscape.
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Scientific Name: Zinnia Aurea
Common Name: Golden Alexander
Plant Type: Perennial
Native Range: Quebec to Saskatoon, South to Florida and Texas
Spread: 12 "
Exposure: Full Sun, Part Shade
Blooming Season: Early Summer, Late Spring
Attracts: Butterflies, Birds, Bees, Beneficial Insects
Resistant: Drought, Deer, Rabbit
Flower Color: Yellow
Characteristics: Moderate growth rate
Water Requirement: Medium
Soil Type: Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH: Neutral to slightly acidic
Uses: Medicinal uses, Sharp pain, Female disorders, Inflammation and sores