Ulmus pumila (Siberian Elm) is a species of elm tree native to central Asia, specifically the regions of Siberia, Mongolia, and northern China. It is widely distributed and has been introduced to many other parts of the world.
Appearance: Siberian Elm is a deciduous tree that typically grows to a height of 40 to 50 feet (12 to 15 meters), although it can reach up to 70 feet (21 meters) under ideal conditions. It has a rounded crown and a somewhat irregular shape. The bark is rough and grayish-brown, becoming furrowed with age.
Leaves: The leaves of Siberian Elm are small, alternate, and double-toothed. They are oval-shaped with a pointed tip and have a rough texture. The leaves are typically dark green on the upper surface and paler underneath.
Flowers: The tree produces small, inconspicuous flowers that appear in early spring before the leaves emerge. The flowers are greenish and appear in clusters.
Seeds and Fruits: After flowering, Siberian Elm produces small, winged seeds known as samaras. These seeds are oval-shaped and have a single seed inside. The samaras are light green when young and turn brown as they mature. They are dispersed by wind.
Growth: Siberian Elm is a fast-growing tree and can quickly colonize disturbed areas. It is known for its ability to tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions, including drought, poor soil, and air pollution.
Uses: In some areas, Siberian Elm has been planted as a shade tree or for its windbreak capabilities due to its fast growth and hardiness. The wood of Siberian Elm is moderately heavy and hard, and it has been used for furniture, crates, and firewood.
Botanical Name : Ulmus pumila
Common Name : Siberian Elm
Height : 60 ft
Spread : 40 ft
Germination Info : Seed does not require a pre-treatment
Hardiness zone : 4-9
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 4375