Tilia amurensis (Amur Linden) is a deciduous tree belonging to the Tiliaceae family. Amur Linden is a medium to large-sized tree that typically reaches heights of 20 to 30 meters (65 to 98 feet). It has a pyramidal or oval-shaped crown and a straight trunk. The foliage consists of heart-shaped leaves that are dark green on the upper side and paler beneath. In summer, the tree produces small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers that are clustered together.
Native Habitat: Amur Linden is native to eastern Asia, particularly in regions such as China, Russia, and Korea. It thrives in temperate forests and is adapted to a wide range of climatic conditions.
Cultivation: Amur Linden is cultivated as an ornamental tree in gardens, parks, and large landscapes. It is valued for its attractive foliage, fragrant flowers, and shade-providing qualities. It prefers well-drained soils and full sun to partial shade.
Characteristics: The leaves of Amur Linden are alternate, simple, and have serrated edges. They are medium-sized, typically measuring 5 to 10 centimeters (2 to 4 inches) in length. The bark of mature trees is grayish-brown and develops shallow furrows with age.
Environmental Role: Amur Linden provides habitat, shade, and shelter for various bird species, small mammals, and insects. The fragrant flowers attract pollinators, such as bees, which aid in the pollination of nearby plants. The tree's nectar can be a source of honey production.
Uses: While Amur Linden is primarily cultivated for ornamental purposes, its flowers have traditional and cultural uses. The flowers are sometimes used to make herbal teas or infusions with reported calming and soothing effects. The wood of Amur Linden is not commonly used for commercial purposes.
Conservation Status: Amur Linden is not currently considered a threatened species. However, as with any tree species, habitat loss and deforestation can pose challenges to its long-term sustainability. Conservation efforts and sustainable cultivation practices help maintain healthy populations.