Rosa palustris (Swamp Rose) is a deciduous shrub that is native to the eastern and southeastern regions of North America. It belongs to the Rosaceae family, which includes other rose species.
Swamp Rose is typically found in wetland habitats such as swamps, bogs, and moist meadows. It is well-adapted to these environments and is known for its ability to tolerate periods of inundation and wet soils.
The shrub can reach a height of 3 to 6 feet (0.9 to 1.8 meters) and has a spreading, multi-stemmed growth habit. It features pinnately compound leaves with serrated leaflets. The foliage is medium to dark green and provides an attractive backdrop for the flowers.
In late spring to early summer, Swamp Rose produces showy, fragrant flowers. The flowers are typically pink, but they can range from light pink to deep rose. Each flower has five petals and a prominent center of yellow stamens. The blooms attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
Following the flowering period, Swamp Rose produces small, red rose hips. These hips are actually the fruit of the plant and contain seeds. They are a valuable food source for wildlife, particularly birds, which eat the hips and help disperse the seeds.
Swamp Rose is a low-maintenance plant and can be used in wetland restoration projects, rain gardens, or naturalized areas. It adds beauty and ecological value to these environments by providing habitat and food for wildlife. The shrub can also be incorporated into gardens with moist soil conditions.
When planting Swamp Rose, it is important to choose a location with adequate moisture and sun exposure. While it can tolerate wet conditions, it should not be planted in standing water or overly waterlogged soils.
Botanical Name : Rosa palustris
Common Name : Swamp Rose
Height : 6-8 ft
Spread : 4 ft
Germination Info : Germination info: Seed requires 30-60 days warm stratification followed by 90-120 cold
Hardiness zone : 4-9
Other info : Grows well in wet soils. Showy and fragrant flowers.
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 4375