RATIBIDA columifera (Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower) is a perennial wildflower native to North America. It is known for its distinctive flower shape and vibrant colors, adding a unique and eye-catching element to prairies, meadows, and wildflower gardens.
Mexican Hat is a herbaceous perennial that typically grows to a height of 2 to 4 feet (60 to 120 cm) and has a spread of about 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm). It has slender, branching stems and finely divided, lance-shaped leaves. The leaves are typically green and give a feathery texture to the plant. It thrives in full sun and prefers well-drained soil. Mexican Hat is well-adapted to dry and drought-prone conditions, making it suitable for xeriscapes and water-wise gardens.
The flowers of Ratibida columnifera are cone-shaped, resembling an inverted sombrero or Mexican hat. The central disk is usually dark brown or maroon, and the drooping ray florets surrounding it can range in color from yellow to red or a combination of both. The unique flower shape and vibrant colors make it visually striking. The flowers are pollinator-friendly and attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects. The flower typically blooms from early summer to late summer, with the flowering period lasting several weeks.
Ratibida columnifera is often used in prairie-style plantings, wildflower meadows, or cottage gardens. Its distinctive flower shape and vibrant colors add a touch of whimsy and natural beauty to the landscape. It can also be used as a cut flower for floral arrangements.
Ratibida columnifera, with its unique cone-shaped flowers and vibrant colors, brings a distinct and captivating presence to prairies, meadows, and wildflower gardens. It supports pollinator populations and adds a touch of natural beauty to landscapes.
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Scientific Name: Ratibida Columnifera
Common Name: Mexican Hat
Plant Type: Perennial
Native Range: North America
Spread: 18 "
Habitat: Hot desert suitable above 7000 ft
Exposure: Full Sun
Blooming Season: Summer, Fall
Attracts: Butterflies, Bees
Flower Color: Red
Water Requirement: Low
Soil Type: Low fertility soil, Well-drained soil
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral
Advantage: Easy to grow, Low maintenance
Uses: Good for cut flowers, Good for dried flowers, Great for mass planting