RATIBIDA columifera (Coneflower, Dwarf Red) is a perennial wildflower native to North America. It is known for its distinctive flower shape, resembling a colorful sombrero or Mexican hat. Mexican Hat is valued for its unique appearance, drought tolerance, and ability to attract pollinators.
Mexican Hat is a herbaceous perennial that typically grows to a height of 1 to 3 feet (30 to 90 cm). It has slender, branching stems and finely divided, lance-shaped leaves. The leaves are typically green and give a feathery texture to the plant. It thrives in full sun and prefers well-drained soil. Mexican Hat is well-adapted to dry and drought-prone conditions, making it suitable for xeriscapes and water-wise gardens.
The flowers of Ratibida columnifera are cone-shaped and consist of a central disk surrounded by drooping ray florets. The central disk is usually dark brown or maroon, while the ray florets can range in color from yellow to red or a combination of both. The flowers are pollinator-friendly, attracting bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects. Mexican Hat typically blooms from early summer to late summer, with the flowering period lasting several weeks. The unique flower shape and color add visual interest to the garden.
Ratibida columnifera is known to attract pollinators, particularly bees and butterflies, with its nectar-rich flowers. It contributes to pollination and supports local biodiversity.
Ratibida columnifera is often used in prairie-style plantings, wildflower meadows, or cottage gardens. Its distinctive flower shape and attractive colors add a touch of whimsy and natural beauty to the landscape. Additionally, the dried seed heads can be left standing during winter, providing visual interest and attracting birds.
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Scientific Name: Ratibida Columnifera
Common Name: Coneflower, Dwarf Red
Plant Type: Perennial, Biennial
Native Range: California, Northeast, Midwest, Southeast
Height: 12 to 24 "
Spread: 8 to 18 "
Habitat: Arid/Desert, Mountain, Plain/Texas
Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Blooming Season: Early Summer, Late Summer
Attracts: Pollinators, Butterflies
Moisture: Dry, Moderate
Flower Color: Red
Water Requirement: Low
Soil Type: Rocky, Sandy, Clay
Soil pH: Moderately acid, Slightly acid, Neutral
Advantage: Low maintenance, Easy to grow
Uses: Beds, Borders, Patio, Natural garden and Rock garden