Pyrus ussuriensis (Chinese Pear, Sand Pear, Harbin Pear) is a species of pear tree native to East Asia, particularly China, Russia, and Korea. It belongs to the Rosaceae family, which includes various fruit-bearing trees and shrubs.
The Chinese Pear is a deciduous tree that can reach a height of 20 to 40 feet (6 to 12 meters) at maturity. It has an upright and spreading habit with dense foliage. The leaves are ovate to elliptical, with serrated edges, and they provide a lush green canopy during the growing season.
This pear species is known for its showy spring blossoms. It produces clusters of fragrant white flowers that attract pollinators. The flowering period typically occurs in late spring or early summer, depending on the climate. Following successful pollination, small green fruits form, which eventually mature into yellowish-brown pears.
Chinese Pears are often categorized as "sand pears" because their fruits have a gritty texture, unlike the smoother European pears. While the fruits are not typically consumed fresh due to their coarse texture, they are commonly used for canning, cooking, and making preserves. The pears are known for their tartness, which can be balanced with sweeteners or used for culinary purposes that require a more acidic flavor.
In addition to its fruit production, Chinese Pear is also planted for its ornamental value. The attractive spring blossoms and dense foliage make it a popular choice for landscaping, especially in areas with a continental climate.
Botanical Name : Pyrus Ussuriensis
Common Name : Chinese Pear, Sand Pear, Harbin Pear
Height : 50 ft
Spread : 20-25 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires 90 days cold moist stratification
Hardiness zone : 2-7
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 594