PYCNANTHEMUM virginianum (Mountain Mint, Virginia) is a perennial herbaceous plant native to eastern North America. It is known for its aromatic foliage and attractive clusters of small white flowers, making it a popular choice for gardens and natural landscapes.
Mountain Mint is a clump-forming perennial that typically grows to a height of 2 to 4 feet (60 to 120 cm) and has a spread of about 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm). It has square stems and lance-shaped, toothed leaves that are grayish-green and emit a minty fragrance when crushed. This species is commonly found in open woodlands, meadows, and prairies. It thrives in well-drained soils and is adaptable to a range of light conditions, from full sun to partial shade.
The flowers of Pycnanthemum virginianum are small and white, arranged in dense clusters at the top of the stems. The clusters form a rounded or flat-topped inflorescence and attract various pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and beneficial insects. Mountain Mint typically blooms from mid- to late summer, with the flowering period lasting several weeks. The flowers give way to seedheads that persist through fall and winter, providing visual interest and attracting birds.
Mountain Mint is highly valued for its ecological benefits. The nectar-rich flowers attract pollinators, including bees and butterflies, contributing to pollination and supporting native insect populations. It also serves as a host plant for the larvae of some butterflies.
Mountain Mint is often used in native plant gardens, wildflower meadows, or naturalistic landscapes. It pairs well with other native plants and is suitable for attracting pollinators and beneficial insects. It can also be used in herb or fragrance gardens due to its minty aroma. Pycnanthemum virginianum, or Mountain Mint, with its attractive clusters of white flowers and minty fragrance, adds beauty and ecological value to garden landscapes.
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Scientific Name: Pycnanthemum Virginianum
Common Name: Virginia Mountain Mint
Plant Type: Perennial
Native Range: Eastern United States
Height: 24 to 36 "
Spread: 12 to 18 "
Habitat: Sand Prairies, Moist Meadows, Woodland areas
Exposure: Full sun
Blooming Season: Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Attracts: Butterflies, Bees, Wasps, Hummingbirds
Resistant: Deer, Drought, Rabbit
Characteristics: Fragrant, Showy
Flower Color: White
Water Requirement: Medium
Soil Type: Moist but well-drained
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Advantage: Low maintenance, Easy to grow
Uses: Leaves are used in treatment of disorders, indigestion, colic, coughs, colds and chills