Pinus tabulaeformis (Chinese Table Pine, Southern Chinese Pine) is an evergreen tree species native to China. It is a medium-sized pine tree with distinct characteristics and has significance in forestry, landscaping, and traditional medicine.
Chinese Table Pine typically reaches heights of 40 to 70 feet (12 to 21 meters) with a spread of 20 to 40 feet (6 to 12 meters). It has a broadly conical to rounded crown and a straight trunk covered in reddish-brown bark that becomes fissured with age.
The needles of Chinese Table Pine are arranged in pairs and measure around 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 centimeters) long. They are dark green in color and remain on the tree for several years before shedding. The tree produces oval to cylindrical cones that are about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 centimeters) long. The cones have a reddish-brown color and contain small winged seeds.
Chinese Table Pine is adaptable to various soil types, including sandy, loamy, and well-drained soils. It is known for its resilience and ability to tolerate drought and cold temperatures. This makes it suitable for growing in a range of climates, including both temperate and subtropical regions.
In forestry, Chinese Table Pine is valued for its timber, which is used for construction, furniture making, and various woodworking applications. The wood is durable and has good mechanical properties, making it a useful resource.
In landscaping, Chinese Table Pine is often planted for its ornamental value. Its symmetrical form, attractive bark, and dense foliage make it an appealing choice for gardens, parks, and urban landscapes. It can be grown as a specimen tree or in group plantings, providing visual interest and creating a focal point.
Chinese Table Pine also has cultural and medicinal significance. In traditional Chinese medicine, various parts of the tree, including the needles and resin, are used for their therapeutic properties. The resin is believed to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
Overall, Pinus tabulaeformis, the Chinese Table Pine or Southern Chinese Pine, is a versatile and visually appealing tree species. It is valued for its adaptability, timber quality, and traditional medicinal uses. Whether in forestry or landscaping, it adds beauty and functionality to various settings.