Pinus roxburghi (Chirr Pine, Longleaf Indian Pine) is a species of pine tree native to the Himalayan region of South Asia, including India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Pakistan. Chir Pine is a large-sized tree that can reach heights of 100 to 150 feet (30 to 45 meters) or more. It typically has a straight, cylindrical trunk with branches forming an open, irregular crown.
Needles: The needles of Pinus roxburghii are long and slender, measuring around 6 to 9 inches (15 to 23 centimeters) in length. They occur in bundles of three and have a dark green color.
Cones: The tree produces large, ovoid cones that can measure up to 6 inches (15 centimeters) in length. The cones are initially green, maturing to brown and becoming woody as they ripen. Each cone contains numerous winged seeds.
Bark: The bark of Chir Pine is thick, dark brown, and develops deep furrows with age.
Habitat and Distribution: Pinus roxburghii is typically found in mountainous regions at elevations ranging from 2,000 to 7,500 feet (600 to 2,300 meters) above sea level. It is adapted to a variety of soil types but thrives in well-drained, sandy or loamy soils. The species has a wide distribution across the Himalayan foothills and adjacent regions.
Uses: Chir Pine has economic and cultural significance in its native range. The wood of the tree is used for various purposes, including construction, furniture, and fuel. The resin obtained from the tree is used in the production of turpentine and other products. Additionally, Chir Pine forests provide habitat for wildlife and contribute to the overall biodiversity of the region.
It's important to note that while Pinus roxburghii is commonly referred to as Chir Pine or Indian Longleaf Pine, regional variations in naming and identification might exist. If you have specific questions or require more detailed information, please let me know, and I'll be glad to assist you further.