Pinus nigra (Austrian Pine, European Black Pine)
Pinus nigra (Austrian Pine, European Black Pine) is a tall, evergreen coniferous tree that is native to Europe and Asia Minor. It can grow up to 130 feet (40 meters) tall and has a conical to irregular crown. The tree's bark is dark brown and deeply furrowed, providing a protective layer against fire and insects.
The needles of Pinus nigra are dark green, glossy, and twisted, and are arranged in pairs along the branches. They are approximately 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) long, and have a slightly prickly texture. The tree produces male and female cones on the same plant. The male cones are yellow, while the female cones are brown and are approximately 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) long.
Austrian Pine is a popular ornamental tree and is often used in parks, gardens, and as a windbreak. The tree is also grown commercially for its high-quality timber, which is used in construction, furniture-making, and pulp production. The tree is adaptable to a range of soil types, including clay, sand, and loam, and can tolerate drought, heat, and cold temperatures. It is a hardy species and can survive in urban environments, making it a popular choice for landscaping.
Botanical Name : Pinus nigra
Common Name : Austrian Pine, European Black Pine
Height : 60 ft
Spread : 20- 40 ft
Germination Info : No pre-treatment required.
Hardiness zone : 4-7
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 1188