Pinus engelmannii (Apache Pine) is a species of pine tree native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. It is named after George Engelmann, a 19th-century German-American botanist who extensively studied the flora of North America.
Size and Growth Habit: Apache Pine is a medium-sized evergreen tree that typically grows to heights of 10-20 meters (33-66 feet) but can occasionally reach up to 30 meters (98 feet) tall. It has a straight trunk and a conical to cylindrical crown. The branches are often irregularly spaced and can extend to the ground in older specimens.
Needles: The needles of Pinus engelmannii are long and slender, measuring about 6-12 cm (2.4-4.7 inches) in length. They occur in bundles of three and have a bluish-green to dark green color. The needles persist on the tree for several years before being shed.
Cones: The cones of Apache Pine are ovoid or cylindrical in shape and have a size range of approximately 5-12 cm (2-4.7 inches) in length. They have thick scales that protect the seeds inside. The cones are initially green and turn brown as they mature. They typically remain on the tree for several years, even after they release their seeds.
Habitat: Apache Pine is adapted to various habitats, including mountains, canyons, and plateaus in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. It is commonly found at elevations of 1,800-3,000 meters (5,900-9,800 feet) above sea level. It is well-suited to arid and semi-arid regions and can tolerate harsh growing conditions, including poor soils and drought.
Ecological Importance: Pinus engelmannii provides important habitat and food sources for a variety of wildlife species. Its dense foliage and thick bark offer shelter and protection for birds and mammals. The tree also contributes to soil stabilization and erosion control in its native habitats.
Uses: Apache Pine has limited commercial significance. Its wood is utilized for fuel, fence posts, and occasionally in construction and carpentry. The tree also has some value in reforestation efforts and as an ornamental tree in landscaping.
Botanical Name : Pinus engelmannii
Common Name : Apache Pine
Height : 66- 98 ft
Spread : 50 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires 30 days cold moist stratification
Hardiness zone : 8+
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 625