Picea rubens (Red Spruce) is a species of spruce tree native to the eastern regions of North America, primarily found in the Appalachian Mountains from Pennsylvania to Nova Scotia. It is one of the dominant tree species in the boreal forests of this region.
Red Spruce is a large evergreen tree that can grow up to 60 to 90 feet (18 to 27 meters) tall. It has a narrow, conical crown with branches that curve upward. The needles are four-sided and arranged spirally on the branches. They are dark green in color and typically measure about 0.5 to 0.8 inches (1.2 to 2 centimeters) in length. The bark is thin, scaly, and grayish-brown.
As the name suggests, Red Spruce is known for its reddish-brown bark and reddish-brown wood, which is highly valued for its strength and resonance. Historically, the wood has been used in the construction of musical instruments, including guitars and pianos.
Red Spruce is typically found in cool, moist environments, often in high-elevation areas. It prefers acidic soils and is well adapted to the cold and snowy conditions of its native habitat. It is an important component of the forest ecosystems it inhabits, providing habitat and food for various wildlife species.
In recent years, Red Spruce has faced challenges due to factors such as logging, acid rain, and climate change, which have affected its populations. Conservation efforts are underway to protect and restore Red Spruce forests.
Overall, Red Spruce is valued for its ecological importance, wood quality, and its contribution to the natural beauty of the Appalachian forests.
Botanical Name : Picea rubens
Common Name : Red Spruce
Height : 60-130 ft
Spread : 60 ft
Germination Info : 21 - 30 days cold moist stratification recommended.
Hardiness zone : 2-7
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 8125