Picea retroflexa (Brush Needle Spruce, Tapao Shan Spruce, Green Dragon Spruce) is a species of spruce tree that is native to China. It is a relatively rare and unique species with distinct characteristics. Here are some key features and characteristics of Picea retroflexa:
Appearance: Brush Needle Spruce is a small to medium-sized tree that typically reaches heights of 10 to 20 meters (30 to 65 feet) with a conical or pyramidal shape. The branches are densely covered with short, stiff, and sharply pointed needles. The needles are dark green to bluish-green in color, giving the tree a unique appearance.
Growth Habit: Brush Needle Spruce has a relatively slow growth rate compared to some other spruce species. It tends to have a dense and compact growth habit, with branches that often sweep downward or droop slightly. The overall form of the tree is considered attractive and distinctive.
Habitat and Distribution: Brush Needle Spruce is native to southwestern China, where it grows in mountainous regions at high elevations. It is commonly found in rocky or steep habitats, often on cliffs or slopes. Its natural range includes areas such as Sichuan, Yunnan, and Tibet.
Adaptability: This spruce species is adapted to a mountainous and high-altitude environment. It prefers cool, temperate climates and can tolerate cold winters. It is also relatively tolerant of rocky and poor soils, but it generally prefers well-drained soil conditions.
Ornamental Use: Brush Needle Spruce is valued for its unique appearance and is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental tree in gardens and landscapes. Its compact size and interesting branching structure make it suitable for small gardens or rock gardens. It can also be used as a focal point, specimen tree, or in mixed evergreen plantings.
Conservation Status: Due to its limited natural distribution and localized population, Picea retroflexa is considered a vulnerable species in the wild. Efforts are being made to conserve and protect its natural habitat.
Botanical Name : Picea retroflexa
Common Name : Brush Needle Spruce
Height : 145 ft
Spread : 60 ft
Germination Info : 21 - 30 days cold moist stratification recommended.
Hardiness zone : 6-8
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 5313