Picea omorika (Serbian Spruce) is a species of spruce tree native to the mountainous regions of Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Balkan Peninsula of southeastern Europe. It is named after its primary area of origin.
Serbian Spruce is a medium-sized to large evergreen tree that typically reaches a height of 50 to 100 feet (15 to 30 meters). It has a slender, conical crown and dense foliage. The needles are short and flattened, measuring about 0.4 to 0.6 inches (1 to 1.5 centimeters) in length. They have a glossy dark green color on the upper surface and silver-white bands on the underside, which creates an attractive two-tone effect. The bark of mature trees is grayish-brown and develops furrows as it ages.
This species of spruce is well-adapted to the cold, mountainous climates where it thrives. It prefers moist, well-drained soils and is often found growing in ravines and along riverbanks. Serbian Spruce is known for its tolerance to shade, making it suitable for forest understory conditions.
Serbian Spruce is highly valued for its ornamental qualities and is commonly used in landscaping and as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens. Its unique two-tone foliage and graceful form make it an attractive choice for creating visual interest in landscapes. It is also grown as a timber tree, as the wood is strong and durable, and used for construction and carpentry.
Conservation efforts are in place to protect Serbian Spruce populations, as the species has experienced some decline due to logging and habitat loss. It is considered a national treasure in its native range and is protected by law in Serbia.
Overall, Picea omorika, the Serbian Spruce, is a beautiful and valuable tree species known for its aesthetic appeal and adaptability to mountainous environments.
Botanical Name : Picea omorika
Common Name : Serbian Spruce
Height : 50-60 ft
Spread : 25 ft
Germination Info : No pre-treatment required
Hardiness zone : 4-7
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 8750