Morus nigra (Black Mulberry) is a deciduous tree belonging to the Moraceae family. It is native to Southwest Asia but has been cultivated in various regions around the world for its delicious fruits. The Black Mulberry is a medium-sized tree that can reach a height of 30 to 50 feet (9 to 15 meters) at maturity. It has a spreading canopy with thick, gnarled branches. The bark is grayish-brown and becomes fissured with age.
Leaves: The leaves of the Black Mulberry are alternate, simple, and lobed. They are typically heart-shaped with serrated edges. The leaves are dark green in color and have a glossy appearance.
Fruits: The Black Mulberry produces small, round, or elongated fruits that are about 1 to 1.5 inches (2.5 to 4 centimeters) long when ripe. The fruits are deep purple or black in color, hence the name "Black Mulberry." They have a sweet and juicy flavor with a unique blend of sweetness and tartness. The fruits are edible and are often used in jams, jellies, pies, and other culinary preparations.
Habitat: The Black Mulberry is adaptable to various climates and can be found in different regions across the world. It thrives in warm temperate to subtropical climates. The tree prefers well-drained soil and is relatively drought-tolerant once established.
Landscape Use: The Black Mulberry tree is valued not only for its fruits but also for its ornamental qualities. Its broad, spreading form and dense foliage make it an attractive shade tree. The dark fruits and lush leaves add visual interest to landscapes and gardens.
Nutritional Value: Black Mulberries are not only delicious but also nutritious. They are a good source of vitamin C, iron, and antioxidants. The fruits are also rich in anthocyanins, which contribute to their dark color and have been associated with potential health benefits.
The Black Mulberry (Morus nigra) is a beautiful and fruitful tree that delights with its tasty, dark-colored fruits. Whether enjoyed fresh or used in culinary creations, the Black Mulberry has both ornamental and nutritional value, making it a cherished tree in many gardens and landscapes.
Botanical Name : Morus nigra
Common Name : Black Mulberry
Height : 115 ft
Spread : 40 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires 90 days cold moist stratification
Hardiness zone : 7+
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 7500