MONARDA fistulosa (Bergamot) is a perennial flowering plant native to North America. Bergamot is a herbaceous perennial, meaning it lives for multiple years. It belongs to the Lamiaceae family.
Bergamot plants grow upright and can reach heights of 2 to 4 feet (60 to 120 cm). The leaves are lance-shaped, opposite, and aromatic when crushed. The flowers are showy and tubular, arranged in dense, spherical clusters at the top of the stems. The blooms are typically lavender to purple in color, but can also be pink or white. They have a unique, layered appearance with protruding stamens, giving them a spiky look.
Bergamot typically blooms in the summer, usually between June and August. The blooming period may vary depending on the local climate and growing conditions.
Bergamot thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers well-draining soil and can tolerate various soil types, including sandy or loamy soils. It is relatively adaptable and can grow in both cool and warm regions. Bergamot is known for its ability to tolerate dry conditions.
Bergamot is highly valued for its beautiful flowers and aromatic foliage. It is often used in native plant gardens, wildflower meadows, and cottage-style landscapes. The flowers are attractive to pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The leaves of Bergamot can also be used to make herbal teas and as a culinary herb with a minty, citrusy flavor.
Bergamot, with its striking flowers and aromatic foliage, adds color, fragrance, and wildlife value to gardens. Its adaptability to various growing conditions and ability to attract pollinators make it a popular choice for eco-friendly landscapes and herb gardens.
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Scientific Name: Monarda Fistulosa
Common Name: Bergamot
Plant Type: Perennial
Family: Lamiaceae or Labiatae
Native Range: North-Eastern North America – Quebec to Minnesota to Texas
Height: 24-48 "
Spread: 24-36 "
Habitat: Prairies, Dry rocky woods, Glade margins, Unplanted Fields, Along roads
Zone: USDA Hardiness Zone 4-10
Exposure: Full Sun, Part Shade
Blooming Season: Late Summer, Mid-Summer
Attracts: Butterflies and Hummingbirds
Resistant: Deer and Drought Resistant
Characteristics: Showy, Fragrant, Good Cut, Good Dried
Flower Color: Pink/Lavender
Moisture: Dry to Medium
Water Requirement: Medium
Soil Type: Clay soil, Dry soil, Shallow-Rocky soil
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2), Acidic (pH<6.8), Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Advantage: Medium Maintenance
Uses: Entire Plant can be used as potherb, Flavoring in salads and cooked foods