Monarda fistulosa, commonly called ‘Wild Bergamot’, is a common Missouri native perennial which occurs statewide in dry soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. Monarda fistulosa, the wild bergamot or bee balm, is a wildflower in the mint family widespread and abundant as a native plant in much of North America. This plant, with showy summer-blooming pink to lavender flowers, is often used as a honey plant, medicinal plant, and garden ornamental.
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Scientific Name: Monarda Fistulosa
Common Name: Bergamot
Plant Type: Perennial
Family: Lamiaceae or Labiatae
Native Range: North-Eastern North America – Quebec to Minnesota to Texas
Height: 24-48 "
Spread: 24-36 "
Habitat: Prairies, Dry rocky woods, Glade margins, Unplanted Fields, Along roads
Zone: USDA Hardiness Zone 4-10
Exposure: Full Sun, Part Shade
Blooming Season: Late Summer, Mid-Summer
Attracts: Butterflies and Hummingbirds
Resistant: Deer and Drought Resistant
Characteristics: Showy, Fragrant, Good Cut, Good Dried
Flower Color: Pink/Lavender
Moisture: Dry to Medium
Water Requirement: Medium
Soil Type: Clay soil, Dry soil, Shallow-Rocky soil
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2), Acidic (pH<6.8), Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Advantage: Medium Maintenance
Uses: Entire Plant can be used as potherb, Flavoring in salads and cooked foods