Red Delicious Apple, Malus pumila “Red Delicious”, Tree Seeds
Hardy, Adaptable, Easy to Grow, Fast Growth, Bonsai, Espalier, Fragrant Flowers, Fall Colors, Edible Fruits, Attracts Birds, Wildlife Food/Shelter, Cold, Drought and Wind Tolerant
Red Delicious Apple is one of the better known apple varieties. It is a vigorous, productive tree that produces medium to large fruit. Good for eating, but not cooking, this crisp and juicy apple has a waxy red skin with pure white sweet flesh. Its distinctive, delicious flavor makes it a best seller at world-wide markets.
Red Delicious Apple was developed in 1870 from seedling rootstock after a scion had broken off on Jesse Hiatt's farm in Peru, Iowa. It was originally named Hawkeye but renamed when one of the commercially known Stark brothers bit into one and exclaimed "My, that's delicious!" Red Delicious Apple is a high chill apple. It requires 800 chilling hours required for fruit to set. Fruit ripens in fall. Apple trees have a greater yield if two or more varieties are available for cross pollination. Red Delicious Apple is a good pollinator for almost all other apples.
General Apple Information:
Edible Apples and ornamental Crabapples have masses of spring flowers that emerge before the leaves. Hundreds of Apple varieties are grown for cider, cooking, eating, or a combination of uses. Each type, including dwarf and semi-dwarf, has its own climate preferences and harvest dates. However, some types of Apple tree can be found to grow in every state in the United States. Single or semi-double flowering trees have red, orange, or yellow apples that ripen from midsummer into autumn. Apples do well in lawns, in the foreground of borders, or closely planted in rows, as high screens.Espalier them, grow them in containers or plant a small orchard. They tolerate a range of soils, from acid to slightly alkaline and from rocky to wet.
Apple trees begin to fruit in the 3rd year and come into full production from the 11th to 20th year. They may continue to fruit for about 100 years although the fruits may become commercially unprofitable. They require a period of winter dormancy, in general 900-1000 hours of more at less than 45°F. They perform best in areas with medium to low humidity, with long daylight hours, high light intensity and relatively warm days and cool nights.
Apple wood gives off a pleasant scent when burned and smoke from an apple wood fire gives an excellent flavor to smoked foods. It is easier to cut when green than when dry. It is a good wood for cooking fires because it burns hot and slow, without producing much flame.
According to University of Cornell researchers, apples originated in the Tien Shan Mts. and were carried by humans to the Middle East, Europe and finally North America. They have been a very popular home-grown fruit here since the 1600's. A tree can live for 100s of years.