MALCOLMIA maritima (Virginia Stock) is an annual flowering plant that belongs to the Brassicaceae family. Virginia Stock is an annual plant, which means it completes its lifecycle within a year.
Virginia Stock forms a compact, bushy plant with slender stems that grow up to 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) in height. The plant produces lanceolate or ovate-shaped leaves that are gray-green in color. The fragrant flowers are small, with four petals arranged in a cross shape, typical of plants in the Brassicaceae family. The flowers come in various colors, including shades of pink, lavender, white, and purple.
Virginia Stock typically blooms in spring and early summer, generally between April and June. The blooming period may vary depending on the local climate and growing conditions.
Virginia Stock thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers well-draining soil and can tolerate various soil types, including sandy or loamy soils. It is relatively adaptable to different climates and is commonly found in coastal regions and Mediterranean climates.
Virginia Stock is valued for its delicate and fragrant flowers, making it a popular choice for borders, rock gardens, and container plantings. It adds a splash of color and a sweet scent to the garden. Virginia Stock is also attractive to pollinators, such as bees and butterflies, as it provides nectar and serves as a food source.
Cultural Significance: Virginia Stock has a long history of cultivation as an ornamental plant. It has been widely grown in gardens for its charming flowers and pleasant fragrance. Virginia Stock, with its compact habit and colorful flowers, is a charming annual plant that brings beauty and fragrance to the garden.
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Scientific Name: Malcolmia Maritima
Common Name: Virginia Stock
Plant Type: Annual
Native Range: Greece and Albania
Habitat: Sandy habitats and in waste places
Zone: USDA Hardiness 3-9
Blooming Season: Late Spring, Summer, Early Fall
Attracts: Beneficial Insects, Bees, Butterflies
Resistant: Deer Resistant
Flower Color: Lilac, Pink, Mauve and White
Water Requirement: Average, Water regularly but don't overwater
Soil Type: Prefers well-drained soil
Soil pH: 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic), 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral), 7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
Advantage: Low Maintenance, Fast growth and easy to grow
Uses: City/Coastal, Beds and Borders, Informal and Cottage, Garden edges, Gravel