LESPEDEZA capitata (Roundheaded Bush Clover) is a flowering perennial plant native to North America. It is a perennial plant, meaning it lives for multiple years. It belongs to the legume family, Fabaceae.
This plant typically grows to a height of about 2 to 4 feet (60 to 120 cm) and forms dense, rounded clusters of flowers at the top of the stems. The flowers are small, white to light pink in color, and arranged in spherical or round-headed clusters, hence the common name "Roundheaded Bush Clover." The leaves are alternate and composed of three leaflets.
The flower usually blooms from mid-summer to early fall, typically between July and September. The flowering period may vary depending on the local climate and growing conditions.
This plant thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers well-draining soils but can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including sandy or clay soils. This plant is adapted to various growing environments, including open woodlands, prairies, and disturbed areas.
Roundheaded Bush Clover can be grown from seeds or propagated by division. If planting from seeds, scarification (nick or scrape the seed coat) or stratification (chill treatment) may enhance germination rates. Plant the seeds in the desired location in spring or fall, ensuring good seed-to-soil contact. Water the seeds regularly until they establish. Once established, Roundheaded Bush Clover is relatively low-maintenance and drought-tolerant. It does not require frequent watering unless experiencing prolonged dry periods.
Roundheaded Bush Clover is often utilized in native and wildlife gardens, prairie restorations, and naturalized areas. It is beneficial for pollinators, attracting bees and butterflies. Additionally, this plant contributes to soil improvement through its ability to fix nitrogen.
Roundheaded Bush Clover is a valuable plant for wildlife, providing food and habitat for various insects and birds. It also has ecological importance as a native plant, supporting biodiversity and contributing to ecosystem health.
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Scientific Name: Lespedeza Capitata
Common Name: Roundheaded Bush Clover
Plant Type: Perennials
Native Range: Mediterranean
Height: 30-46 "
Spread: 12-24 "
Zone: 4 to 8
Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun
Blooming Season: July, August, September
Flower Shape: Showy
Flower Color: Creamy White
Resistant: Drought, Dry Soil, Erosion, Shallow-Rocky Soil
Water Requirement: Low, Average
Soil Type: Well-Drained and Moist
Garden Uses: Naturalized and Cottage Gardens, Meadows