Juglans nigra Southern (Southern Black Walnut) is a species of tree native to North America. It is widely distributed across the eastern and central regions of the United States, including the southern states. The term "Southern Black Walnut" is not commonly used to refer to this species specifically, but it could be used to distinguish populations or cultivars of black walnuts found in the southern regions.
Appearance: Black Walnut trees are large deciduous trees that can grow up to 100 feet (30 meters) in height. They have a straight trunk and a broad, rounded crown. The bark is dark brown to black and deeply furrowed.
Leaves: The leaves of the Southern Black Walnut are compound and pinnately divided, meaning they are composed of multiple leaflets arranged along a central stem. Each leaf usually consists of 11 to 23 leaflets that are lance-shaped and serrated along the margins. The foliage turns a golden yellow color in the fall.
Nuts: The nuts produced by Black Walnut trees are highly valued for their flavor and are commonly used in cooking and baking. The nuts are round and approximately 1.5 to 2 inches (3.8 to 5 cm) in diameter. They have a hard, thick shell that is difficult to crack. The kernel inside is rich in flavor and used in a variety of culinary applications.
Habitat: Black Walnut trees are typically found in rich, well-drained soils along stream banks and in bottomland forests. They have a preference for moist areas but can also tolerate drier conditions. The species has a wide natural range and can be found in various habitats across the United States.
Uses: Black Walnut wood is highly valued for its attractive grain and durability. It is commonly used in furniture, cabinetry, flooring, and other woodworking projects. The nuts are harvested for consumption or used in the production of various food products. Additionally, Black Walnut trees provide habitat and food sources for wildlife.
Botanical Name : Juglans nigra Southern
Common Name : Southern Black Walnut
Height : 30 ft
Spread : 15 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires 90-120 days cold moist stratification
Hardiness zone : 5-8
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 1