Mountain Winterberry is a deciduous evergreen tree or shrub in the Holly family that grows mostly in North Carolina's mountains, but also in the Piedmont. It grows primarily at higher elevations in mesic woods from New Jersey to Georgia. The leaves of this holly are big and spinless, and the fruit is larger than other hollies. Because it is dioecious, it requires both a male and female plant to bear fruit. The male and female plants must both bloom at the same time for the plant to yield berries. Birds and small animals also like the crimson fruit. It takes a long time to mature, but once established, it has a lengthy lifespan.
Botanical Name : Ilex montana
Common Name : Mountain Holly
Height : 3 – 15 ft
Spread : 8 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires 4-6 months warm stratification followed by 120 days cold stratification
Hardiness zone : 5-7
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 1875