Helianthus maximiliani (Maximilian Sunflower) is a perennial flowering plant native to North America. It is a member of the Asteraceae family and is known for its tall stature and abundance of bright yellow flowers.
Maximilian Sunflower is a tall perennial that typically grows to a height of 3 to 10 feet (0.9 to 3 meters) and spreads about 2 to 4 feet (0.6 to 1.2 meters) wide. It has slender, branching stems that are covered in rough, hairy foliage. The leaves are lance-shaped and toothed. The plant produces numerous flower heads in branching clusters at the top of each stem.
The flowers of Maximilian Sunflower are the highlight of this plant. Each flower head consists of a dark brown center, known as the disc florets, surrounded by bright yellow ray florets. The ray florets are typically numerous and slightly drooping, creating a radiant display. The flower heads are relatively small compared to some sunflower species, reaching up to 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter.
Maximilian Sunflower typically blooms from late summer to fall, depending on the specific growing conditions and climate. The flowering period can last several weeks, providing a burst of late-season color and attracting pollinators to the garden. The bright flowers of Maximilian Sunflower are attractive to various pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects. They provide a valuable nectar source late in the season when other flowers may be scarce. The seeds produced by the plant are also highly favored by birds, making Maximilian Sunflower a valuable addition to wildlife gardens.
Helianthus maximiliani thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. It is adaptable to a range of soil types, including sandy or loamy soils, but prefers soil that is not overly fertile. Maximilian Sunflower is highly tolerant of drought and is often found in prairies, meadows, and other dry habitats. Once established, it requires minimal watering.
Maximilian Sunflower is generally low-maintenance. Deadheading spent flowers can help promote prolonged blooming and prevent self-seeding if desired. However, allowing some seed heads to mature can provide food for birds and contribute to the natural reseeding of the plant. The tall stems may benefit from staking to prevent them from bending or breaking under windy conditions.
Helianthus maximiliani can be grown from seeds. Sow the seeds directly into the garden soil in early spring or late fall. The seeds may benefit from a period of cold stratification for successful germination. Provide adequate spacing between plants to accommodate their size. Maximilian Sunflower is often grown in prairie or wildflower gardens, as well as for erosion control and habitat restoration projects.
Maximilian Sunflower (Helianthus maximiliani) is a stunning perennial plant that brings late-season beauty and wildlife attraction to gardens and landscapes. With its tall stature, bright yellow flowers, and adaptability to various growing conditions, it is a valuable addition for supporting pollinators and enhancing biodiversity. Whether grown for its ornamental value or to create naturalistic habitats, Maximilian Sunflower can make a striking statement in the garden.
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Scientific Name: Helianthus Maximiliani
Common Name: Maximilian Sunflower
Plant Type: Perennial
Native Range: West, Southwest and Pacific America
Full Growth Height: 60-96"
Spread: 48 "
Ease of care: Easy to grow
Exposure: Full Sun
Suitability: High heat
Blooming Season: Early to mid-fall
Attracts: Bee friendly, Attracts butterflies and birds
Flower Shape: Disc shaped
Flower Color: Yellow ray flowers, Yellow brown disk
Moisture: Dry, Moderate
Resistant: Deer and Rabbit Resistant
Water Requirement: Low Water
Soil Type: Sandy soil, Clay soil, Average soil
Soil pH: Alkaline soil
Uses: Source of food, oil, dye and thread.