HELIANTHUS Annuus 'Peredovik' (Black Oil Sunflower, Peredovik) is a variety of the common sunflower. It is specifically bred for its oil-rich seeds and is popular among bird enthusiasts and for commercial purposes.
'Peredovik' Sunflower is a tall annual plant that typically grows to a height of 4 to 6 feet (1.2 to 1.8 meters) and spreads about 2 to 3 feet (60 to 90 cm) wide. It has thick, sturdy stems and large, rough-textured leaves. The plant produces a single large flower head at the top of each stem.
The flower head of 'Peredovik' Sunflower is similar to other sunflower varieties. It consists of a dark brown center, known as the disc florets, surrounded by bright yellow ray florets. The flower heads are typically large, reaching up to 12 inches (30 cm) in diameter.
The seeds of 'Peredovik' Sunflower are the main attraction and distinguishing feature of this variety. They are small, black, and oval-shaped, often referred to as "black oil" seeds. These seeds have a high oil content and are highly valued for their nutritional value and oil extraction. 'Peredovik' Sunflower seeds are commonly used in birdseed mixes due to their popularity among birds.
Blooming period: 'Peredovik' Sunflower typically blooms in summer, from mid to late summer, depending on the specific growing conditions and climate. The flowering period can last several weeks, providing a burst of color and attracting pollinators to the garden. While 'Peredovik' Sunflower flowers can attract pollinators like bees and butterflies, this variety is particularly popular for its seeds, which are highly appealing to birds. The oil-rich seeds are often used in bird feeders, attracting a wide variety of seed-eating birds to the garden.
'Peredovik' Sunflower thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. It is relatively adaptable to different soil types but prefers fertile, loamy soil. Regular watering is needed, especially during dry periods, to support healthy growth and flowering. The tall stature of this sunflower variety may require staking to prevent the stems from bending or breaking under the weight of the flower heads.
'Peredovik' Sunflower is typically grown from seeds. Sow the seeds directly into the garden soil after the danger of frost has passed or start them indoors a few weeks earlier and transplant the seedlings outdoors. Provide adequate spacing between plants to accommodate their size. The plants will benefit from regular watering, especially during dry spells, to support healthy growth and seed production.
'Peredovik' Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is a popular variety known for its oil-rich seeds, making it a favorite among bird enthusiasts and for commercial purposes. Whether grown for its ornamental value or for the production of high-quality seeds, this sunflower variety can bring beauty, wildlife attraction, and potential benefits to the garden.
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