GYPSOPHILA elegans (Baby's Breath, Annual) is an annual flowering plant belonging to the Caryophyllaceae family. It is known for its delicate, cloud-like clusters of tiny flowers that are often used as filler in floral arrangements.
Baby's Breath is an annual plant that typically grows to a height of 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm) and spreads about 1 foot (30 cm) wide. It features slender stems covered in narrow, gray-green leaves. The plant produces loose panicles or sprays of tiny flowers, creating a delicate and airy effect.
The flowers of Gypsophila elegans are the main attraction. Each flower has five small, deeply notched petals and is typically white, although some cultivars may have light pink or lavender-colored flowers. The flowers are numerous and form clusters or sprays, giving the plant its characteristic cloud-like appearance.
Baby's Breath typically blooms in summer, starting in mid to late summer and continuing into early fall. The exact timing can vary depending on the specific growing conditions and climate. While the flowers of Baby's Breath are not known for their strong attractiveness to pollinators, they may still attract some bees and butterflies to the garden. However, Baby's Breath is primarily grown for its ornamental value rather than its wildlife appeal.
Gypsophila elegans thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers well-drained soil and can tolerate various soil types, including sandy or loamy soils. As an annual plant, it completes its life cycle in one growing season, so it is not as hardy as perennial varieties of Gypsophila. It is relatively easy to grow from seeds.
Baby's Breath is generally a low-maintenance plant. Regular watering is needed during dry spells, especially when the plant is establishing its roots. Deadheading spent flowers can help promote prolonged blooming and prevent self-seeding, although some gardeners may allow the plant to self-seed to create naturalized areas. It is an annual plant, so it will need to be replanted each year if desired.
Gypsophila elegans, or Baby's Breath, is a popular annual plant that adds a delicate and airy touch to gardens, borders, and floral arrangements. With its small, cloud-like flowers, it is widely used as a filler in bouquets and adds a soft and romantic feel to floral designs. In the garden, it can provide a charming and ethereal atmosphere, especially when planted in mass or combined with other flowering plants.
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Scientific Name: Gypsophila Elegans
Common Name: Baby's Breath, Annual
Plant Type: Annuals
Native Range: North America
Full Growth Height: 8-18"
Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Shade
Blooming Season: Spring, Summer
Flower: Cut Flowers, Showy
Attracts: Birds, Butterflies
Flower Color: White
Water Requirement: Low, Average
Soil Type: Well-Drained
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Gardening Uses: Floral Bouquets, Informal Gardens, Cottage Gardens