GILIA Tricolor (Bird's Eyes) is an annual flowering plant native to western North America. It belongs to the Polemoniaceae family and is known for its charming and delicate flowers.
Bird's Eyes is a small, delicate annual plant that typically grows to a height of 6 to 18 inches (15 to 45 cm). It has slender stems with feathery, finely divided leaves. The plant produces clusters of small, trumpet-shaped flowers at the top of the stems. Each flower has five petals arranged in a star shape.
The flowers of Gilia tricolor are the standout feature of this plant. They are typically blue or purple in color, although variations with pink, lavender, or white flowers also exist. The flowers have a distinctive eye-like marking at the center, resembling the eyes of a bird, which gives the plant its common name. The overall effect is a charming display of delicate and colorful blooms.
Bird's Eyes typically blooms from late spring to early summer, although the exact timing can vary depending on the specific growing conditions and climate. The flowers are produced abundantly during the blooming period. The nectar-rich flowers of Bird's Eyes attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. They provide a food source for these beneficial insects and contribute to pollination in the surrounding area.
Gilia tricolor thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers well-drained soil and is adaptable to various soil types, including sandy or loamy soils. This plant is generally tolerant of dry conditions once established, making it suitable for xeriscaping or water-wise gardening. It is relatively hardy and can tolerate a range of temperatures.
Bird's Eyes is a low-maintenance plant. It readily self-seeds, so you may see new plants appearing in subsequent seasons. Deadheading spent flowers can help promote continuous blooming and prevent self-seeding if desired. However, allowing some seed heads to mature can support the natural reseeding of the plant and create a self-sustaining population.
Bird's Eyes (Gilia tricolor) is a lovely annual plant that adds a touch of delicacy and color to gardens, meadows, and wildflower landscapes. Its charming flowers, reminiscent of bird's eyes, and its ability to attract pollinators make it a desirable choice for those looking to create a whimsical and wildlife-friendly garden.
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Scientific Name: Gilia Ticolor
Common Name: Bird's Eyes
Plant Type: Annuals
Native Range: California
Full Growth Height: 12-18"
Width in Across: 8-9 "
Exposure: Full Sun
Blooming Season: Spring (Early, Mid)
Flower: Fragrant, Showy
Attracts: Hummingbirds, Butterflies
Flower Color: Pale Blue or Violet Flowers with Dark Purple Center and Blue Stamens
Tolerate: Clay Soil
Water Requirement: Low
Soil Type: Well-Drained, Sand, Loam, Chalk
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Gardening Uses: Cottage Mediterranean Gardens, Prairies and Meadows, Butterfly Gardens