Fraxinus chinensis (Chinese Ash) is a deciduous tree species native to eastern Asia, specifically China and Taiwan. It belongs to the Oleaceae family and shares many characteristics with other ash tree species.
Size and Appearance: Chinese Ash is a medium-sized to large tree that can reach heights of 15-30 meters (50-100 feet). It has a rounded or spreading crown with a straight trunk. The bark is smooth and grayish-brown when young, developing shallow fissures and ridges as it matures.
Leaves: The leaves of Fraxinus chinensis are compound and typically composed of 5-9 leaflets. The leaflets are ovate to lanceolate in shape, with serrated or toothed edges. They have a dark green color on the upper surface and a paler green color on the underside. In autumn, the foliage may turn yellow or reddish-brown before falling.
Flowers: Chinese Ash produces small, inconspicuous flowers that are dioecious, meaning individual trees have either male or female flowers. The flowers are typically greenish or yellowish and appear in clusters or panicles in spring. They are wind-pollinated.
Seeds: Female Chinese Ash trees produce winged seeds in the form of samaras. The samaras are flat and elongated, facilitating wind dispersal.
Chinese Ash is adaptable to various soil types and can tolerate a range of growing conditions. It prefers well-drained soil but can tolerate both slightly acidic and alkaline soils. It thrives in full sun to partial shade.
In its native range, Fraxinus chinensis is utilized for its timber, which is valued for its strength and durability. It is used in furniture making, flooring, and other woodworking applications. Chinese Ash is also planted as an ornamental tree for its attractive foliage and overall form.
Botanical Name : Fraxinus chinensis
Common Name : Chinese Ash
Height : 98 ft
Spread : 40 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires 30-60 days warm stratification followed by 60-120 days cold stratification
Hardiness zone : 6-8
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 1000