Euonymus europaeus d.b. (European Euonymus) is a deciduous shrub or small tree native to Europe. It is part of the Euonymus genus, which encompasses a variety of shrubs and small trees known for their ornamental value. European Euonymus is appreciated for its attractive autumn foliage, showy fruit capsules, and adaptability to different growing conditions.
Size and Appearance: European Euonymus typically grows as a multi-stemmed shrub but can also reach small tree-like proportions, reaching heights of 3-6 meters (10-20 feet) or more. It has a spreading, rounded habit with branches that can be somewhat angular or twisting. The overall form is dense and compact.
Leaves: The leaves of Euonymus europaeus are elliptical to ovate and have a dark green color. They are arranged oppositely along the stems and have serrated edges. In autumn, the foliage transforms into vibrant shades of red, orange, and purple, providing a striking display of fall colors.
Flowers: European Euonymus produces small, inconspicuous flowers that are typically greenish-yellow in color. The flowers are not particularly showy but are important for pollination and the subsequent development of fruit.
Fruit: One of the notable features of Euonymus europaeus is its fruit capsules, which are bright pink to reddish-purple in color and have a distinctive four-lobed shape. The capsules split open to reveal orange seeds with a fleshy aril attached. The colorful fruit capsules persist on the shrub throughout the autumn and into winter, adding visual interest.
European Euonymus is a relatively low-maintenance shrub that can adapt to a variety of soil types and growing conditions. It prefers well-drained soil and can tolerate full sun to partial shade. It is hardy and can withstand colder climates.
In landscaping, Euonymus europaeus is often used for its ornamental value. Its dense growth habit, attractive foliage, and showy fruit capsules make it suitable for hedges, borders, or as a focal point in garden beds. The autumn color change and persistent fruit capsules add visual interest and make it a desirable choice for seasonal displays.