Coffea arabica (Arabian Coffee, Coffee Tree) is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family. It is native to the highlands of Ethiopia and is widely cultivated for its beans, which are used to produce coffee. Here is some information about Coffea arabica:
Appearance: Coffea arabica is an evergreen shrub or small tree that can grow up to 5 to 6 meters (15 to 20 feet) in height. It has dark green, glossy leaves that are elliptical in shape. The tree produces small, fragrant white flowers, which are followed by round, red or purple fruits known as coffee cherries. Inside each cherry are two coffee beans.
Coffee Production: Coffea arabica is considered the highest quality and most widely cultivated species of coffee. The beans of this species are known for their aromatic and flavorful qualities. They generally have a milder and more complex flavor profile compared to other coffee species. Coffea arabica accounts for a significant portion of the world's coffee production.
Cultivation: Arabian Coffee is typically grown in tropical and subtropical regions. It thrives in altitudes between 600 to 2,000 meters (2,000 to 6,500 feet) above sea level. It requires a stable climate with temperatures between 15 to 24°C (59 to 75°F) and prefers well-drained, fertile soils. Coffee plantations are found in several countries, including Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, and many others.
Botanical Name : Coffea arabica
Common Name : Arabian Coffee, Coffee Tree
Height : 10-30 ft
Spread : 10-20 ft
Germination Info : Scarify seed and sow directly into Soil
Hardiness zone : 9+
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 125