Cladrastis lutea (Yellowwood) is a deciduous tree native to the southeastern United States. Here is some information about the Yellowwood:
Appearance: Yellowwood is a medium to large-sized tree that can reach heights of 15 to 25 meters (50 to 80 feet) and has a rounded crown. It has a straight trunk with smooth, gray bark that becomes furrowed with age. The leaves are compound and pinnate, consisting of several leaflets. In the fall, the foliage turns a beautiful golden-yellow color, giving the tree its common name.
Flowers: Yellowwood produces fragrant, showy white flowers in late spring or early summer. The flowers are pea-like and appear in large, hanging clusters known as racemes. They provide an attractive display and have a sweet, pleasant fragrance.
Wood: The wood of Yellowwood is durable, hard, and yellow in color, which is where the tree gets its common name. It has been used in cabinetry, furniture making, and other woodworking applications. However, due to limited availability and conservation concerns, the use of Yellowwood timber is now more restricted.
Cultivation: Yellowwood is often grown as an ornamental tree for its attractive foliage, beautiful flowers, and fall color. It prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. It is relatively tolerant of different soil types but thrives in moist, loamy soils. Yellowwood is known to have a slow to moderate growth rate.
Environmental Benefits: Yellowwood is valued for its ecological contributions. It provides habitat and food for various wildlife species, including birds and pollinators. The tree's deep roots also help with soil stabilization and erosion control.
Conservation Status: In its native range, Yellowwood populations have been declining due to habitat loss and overharvesting. Consequently, it is considered a threatened or endangered species in some states. Efforts are being made to conserve and protect existing populations of Yellowwood.