CHAMAECRISTA fasciculata Partridge Pea is a species of annual or perennial herbaceous plant in the family Fabaceae. Partridge Pea is native to North and South America and is commonly found in open, sunny areas such as prairies, meadows, and roadsides. The plant prefers well-drained soil and tolerates drought, making it a popular choice for naturalized landscapes and xeriscaping.
The plant grows up to 1-2 feet (30-60 cm) tall and has a slender, branching stem. The leaves are compound, with numerous small, oval-shaped leaflets arranged along the stem. The flowers are yellow and showy, with five petals and numerous stamens. They are produced in clusters at the ends of the stems from mid-summer to early fall. These flowers are a good nectar source for insects and butterflies.
The plant is an important food source for several species of butterflies, including the Cloudless Sulphur and the Sleepy Orange. The seeds of Partridge Pea are also consumed by several species of game birds, including partridges, quails, and doves.
Chamaecrista fasciculata is sometimes used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including diarrhea, fever, and skin conditions. The plant has also been used as a source of yellow dye for textiles. In landscaping, Partridge Pea is often used in prairie restorations, native plant gardens, and wildflower meadows.
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Scientific Name: Chamaecrista Fasciculata
Common Name: Partridge Pea
Plant Type: Annual
Native Range: Eastern United States
Full Growth Height: 1-3 ft
Width in Across: 1-3 ft
Zone: 3 to 9
Exposure: Full Sun
Blooming Season: Summer (Early, Mid, Late), Fall
Pollinator: Butterflies, Bumblebees, Birds
Flower: Showy, Round Shape Petals with 10 Stamens inside
Attracts: Butterflies, Bees
Flower Color: Bright Yellow
Tolerate: Dry Soil, Drought
Water Requirement: Low
Soil Type: Sand, Clay, Loam
Garden Uses: Banks and Slopes, Cottage Prairies