Cercis gigantea (Giant Redbud) is a deciduous tree that is known for its ornamental value and beautiful spring flowers. When a Redbud tree reaches a large or mature size, it exhibits the following characteristics:
Size: A mature Redbud tree can reach a height of 20 to 30 feet (6 to 9 meters) and have a similar spread. However, the actual size can vary based on the specific cultivar, growing conditions, and regional differences.
Shape: The mature Redbud tree often has a rounded or vase-shaped crown, with branches that spread outward. The branches tend to be twisting and irregular, adding visual interest to the tree's overall form.
Leaves: The leaves of the Redbud tree are typically heart-shaped and alternate along the branches. They can grow to be around 3 to 5 inches (7.5 to 12.5 cm) in length. In the case of the Eastern Redbud, the leaves are medium green in color, turning yellow in the fall before dropping.
Flowers: The Redbud tree is renowned for its stunning flowers that bloom in early spring, usually before the leaves appear. The flowers are small, pea-like, and can vary in color, ranging from pink and magenta to lavender and even white, depending on the specific cultivar.
Fruits: After the flowering period, the Redbud tree produces seed pods. These pods are flat, brown, and measure around 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) long. The pods contain small, pea-like seeds that are often dispersed by animals.
Habitat and Range: The Eastern Redbud is native to eastern North America, including parts of the United States and Canada. It can be found growing in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, forests, and even along roadsides.
The Redbud tree, regardless of its size, is highly valued for its ornamental qualities, including its spring flowers, attractive foliage, and overall aesthetic appeal. It is often used in landscaping and can be a focal point in gardens, parks, or along streets.