Carya ovalis (Red Hickory) is typically found in mixed hardwood forests, primarily in the southeastern United States, including states like Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina.
Appearance: It is a medium-sized deciduous tree, reaching heights of 60 to 90 feet (18 to 27 meters) tall. The tree has a straight trunk and a rounded crown, with branches spreading upward and outward. The bark is grayish-brown and develops shallow furrows and ridges as the tree matures.
Leaves: The leaves of Red Hickory are pinnately compound, consisting of 5 to 7 leaflets. The leaflets are lance-shaped with serrated edges. They are typically dark green in color and turn yellow in the fall.
Nuts: Like other hickory species, Red Hickory produces edible nuts. The nuts are oval-shaped and encased in a hard shell that splits into four sections when mature. They are typically small, measuring around 1 to 1.5 inches (2.5 to 3.8 cm) in length. The nuts are an important food source for wildlife, including squirrels, birds, and other mammals.
Wood: Red Hickory wood is strong, hard, and durable, making it suitable for various uses. It is commonly used in furniture making, tool handles, flooring, and other woodworking applications. The wood has a reddish-brown color with a fine grain.
Ecological significance: Red Hickory plays a crucial role in forest ecosystems. It provides habitat and food for various wildlife species. The nuts are an essential food source for many animals, and the tree itself offers nesting sites and shelter.
Botanical Name : Carya ovalis
Common Name : Red Hickory
Height : 140 ft
Spread : 80 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires 90-120 days cold moist stratification
Hardiness zone : 5-9
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 4