BALSAMORHIZA sagittata Arrowleaf Balsamroot is a perennial wildflower plant native to western North America, ranging from British Columbia to California and east to Montana and New Mexico. It typically grows up to 1 to 3 feet (0.3 to 0.9 meters) tall and 2 to 3 feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters) wide. The plant has a bushy, upright habit, with numerous stems that are covered in large, arrow-shaped leaves.
The leaves of Arrowleaf Balsamroot are large and distinctive, with a triangular shape and pointed tip. They are typically 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm) long and 4 to 8 inches (10 to 20 cm) wide. The leaves are covered in soft, gray-green hairs, giving them a fuzzy texture.
The flowers of Arrowleaf Balsamroot are produced in clusters at the end of the stems, with each cluster containing numerous large, yellow, daisy-like flowers. The flowers are typically 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) in diameter and have a prominent central disk surrounded by numerous ray petals. They bloom in late spring to early summer and are an important nectar source for bees and other pollinators.
After the flowers have bloomed, Arrowleaf Balsamroot produces small, dry fruits called achenes, which contain several small seeds. The plant is adaptable to a range of soil types and prefers full sun to partial shade.
Arrowleaf Balsamroot is commonly used in native plant landscaping and restoration projects, as it is a hardy and attractive plant that provides important habitat and food for wildlife. The plant is also used in traditional medicine for various ailments, including respiratory and digestive issues.
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Scientific Name: Balsamorhiza Sagittata
Common Name: Arrow Leaf Balsamroot
Plant Type: Long-Lived Perennial
Native Range: Western North America
Full Growth Height: 2-18 inches
Width in Across: 0.6-6 inches
Zone: 4 to 8
Exposure: Full Sun
Blooming Season: May, June, July
Flower: Showy with arrow headed petals
Flower Color: Yellow
Water Requirement: Low to Average
Soil Type: Well-drained, Sand, Loam (Dry or Moist Soil)
Uses: Roots are used to treat wounds and swellings