Viburnum dilatatum (Linden Arrowwood, Linden Viburnum) is a deciduous shrub that belongs to the Adoxaceae family. Native to East Asia, particularly China, Japan, and Korea, it is cultivated in various parts of the world as an ornamental plant.
Appearance: It is a multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows to a height of 6 to 12 feet (1.8 to 3.6 meters) and spreads to a similar width. The branches are dense and twiggy, forming a rounded or spreading shape. The leaves are opposite, ovate to elliptic in shape, and have toothed margins. They turn a beautiful reddish-purple color in the fall.
Flowers: In late spring or early summer, Viburnum dilatatum produces clusters of small, creamy white flowers that are about 3 to 4 inches (7.6 to 10 cm) wide. The flowers are arranged in flattened cymes at the ends of the branches. They are fragrant and attract pollinators like bees and butterflies.
Fruits: After the flowers fade, Viburnum dilatatum develops attractive fruit clusters. These clusters consist of small, rounded berries that change color as they mature. Initially, they are green, then turn to yellow, and finally, they become bright red. The berries persist into the winter, providing visual interest and a food source for birds.
Environmental requirements: Linden Arrowwood thrives in full sun to partial shade conditions. It prefers moist, well-drained soil but can tolerate a range of soil types. It is relatively adaptable and can tolerate urban environments, making it a suitable choice for gardens, parks, and naturalized areas.
Uses: Viburnum dilatatum is primarily grown as an ornamental plant for its attractive flowers, fruit, and fall foliage. It can be used as a specimen shrub, in mixed borders, or as a hedge. The persistent fruit clusters make it a valuable plant for wildlife gardens, attracting birds during the winter months.