VERBENA hastata (Blue Vervain) is a perennial herbaceous plant native to North America. Blue Vervain has cultural significance in some Native American tribes. It has been used for ceremonial purposes and is associated with purification rituals.
Blue Vervain typically grows upright and can reach a height of about 2 to 5 feet (60 to 150 cm). It has multiple slender stems arising from a central base. The stems are square-shaped and may have a reddish tint. The plant forms dense clusters or spikes of flowers along the stems. It prefers full sun to partial shade and thrives in moist to wet soil conditions. It is commonly found in wet meadows, along stream banks, or in other damp areas.
The flowers of Blue Vervain are small and tubular with five petals. They are a vibrant shade of blue-purple or lavender, giving the plant its common name. The flowers are arranged in long, slender spikes that rise above the foliage. They bloom from mid to late summer, attracting pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
The leaves of Blue Vervain are lance-shaped and toothed along the edges. They have a medium to dark green color and grow opposite each other along the stems. The leaves are often slightly hairy and provide a textured backdrop to the vibrant flowers.
Blue Vervain However, it can also tolerate average garden soil as long as it receives adequate moisture.
Blue Vervain is known to attract various pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, with its nectar-rich flowers. It serves as a valuable food source for these beneficial insects and can contribute to supporting local biodiversity.
Blue Vervain (VERBENA hastata) is a tall and striking plant with its upright growth habit, vibrant blue-purple flowers, and lance-shaped foliage. It can be a valuable addition to wet or moist garden areas, attracting pollinators and adding a touch of color to the landscape.
||Number of Seeds
||Max Coverage Area (Square Ft.)
Scientific Name: Verbena Hastata
Common Name: Blue Vervain
Plant Type: Perennials
Zone: 3 to 9
Native Range: North America
Full Growth Height: 24-48"
Spacing: 12-36 "
Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Blooming Season: Summer (Early, Mid, Late), Fall
Flower: Showy, Cut Flowers, Plant of Merit
Flower Color: Purple, Lavender
Tolerate: Drought, Wet Soil
Water Requirement: Average
Soil Type: Chalk, Sand, Loam, Well-Drained, Moist
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral, Acid
Uses: City and Courtyard Gardens, Coastal Gardens, Prairies and Meadows