Pseudotsuga menziesii, California (Douglas Fir (California)) is a coniferous tree species that is native to western North America. While Douglas Fir is widely distributed across the region, the specific subspecies Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii is commonly associated with the coast and coastal mountains of California. Here are some key characteristics of Douglas Fir (California):
Size and Growth Habit: Douglas Fir is a large tree that can reach impressive heights of 60 to 90 meters (200 to 300 feet) or more. It has a straight trunk and a conical to pyramidal shape when young, gradually becoming more rounded with age.
Leaves: The leaves of Douglas Fir are needle-like, flat, and arranged spirally along the branches. They are typically dark green on the upper side and have a whitish or silvery appearance on the underside. The needles are relatively long, measuring around 2 to 4 centimeters (0.8 to 1.6 inches).
Cones: Douglas Fir produces distinct cones that hang downward from the branches. The cones are cylindrical in shape and can grow to be around 5 to 10 centimeters (2 to 4 inches) in length. They have papery scales and are usually reddish-brown in color.
Bark: The bark of Douglas Fir is typically thick, rough, and deeply furrowed. On young trees, the bark is smooth and grayish-brown, becoming darker and rougher with age.
Habitat and Distribution: In California, Douglas Fir (var. menziesii) is commonly found in the coastal regions and coastal mountain ranges. It is an important component of the coastal forest ecosystems and is often found growing in mixed stands with other conifer species.
Economic and Cultural Uses: Douglas Fir is highly valued for its wood, which is known for its strength and durability. It is used in construction, furniture making, and various other applications. Historically, the tree has been significant to indigenous cultures for its resources and ceremonial purposes.
Botanical Name : Pseudotsuga menziesii , California
Common Name : Douglas Fir (California)
Height : 40 – 220 ft
Spread : 80 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires 30 days cold moist stratification
Hardiness zone : 5-8
Other info : Collection Locale: California
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 1750