Paulownia elongata (Empress Tree) is a fast-growing deciduous tree native to China. It belongs to the family Paulowniaceae and is renowned for its rapid growth and ornamental value. The Empress Tree is a medium-sized tree that can reach heights of up to 20-30 meters (65-98 feet). It has a straight trunk with a relatively smooth bark that can range in color from gray to light brown. The leaves are large, heart-shaped, and can grow up to 30-40 cm (12-16 inches) in diameter. They have a bright green color and a soft texture.
Growth Rate: One of the most notable features of Paulownia elongata is its extremely fast growth rate. Under favorable conditions, it can grow several meters in a single year. This rapid growth makes it an attractive choice for timber plantations and reforestation projects.
Flowers: The Empress Tree produces showy, trumpet-shaped flowers that appear in large clusters during late spring or early summer. The flowers can be lavender, violet, or pale blue in color, and they have a pleasant fragrance. The blooms are attractive to bees and other pollinators.
Seed Pods: After the flowers have been pollinated, they develop into distinctive seed pods that are long and narrow, resembling elongated capsules. These pods contain numerous tiny winged seeds, which are easily dispersed by the wind.
Uses: Paulownia elongata has several practical uses. Its fast growth and lightweight wood make it suitable for timber production. The wood of the Empress Tree is light, fine-grained, and can be used for a variety of applications, including furniture, musical instruments, and veneers. The tree's large leaves also make it suitable for paper production.
Environmental Benefits: Due to its rapid growth and extensive root system, Paulownia elongata is often planted for land reclamation, erosion control, and reforestation purposes. The tree's deep roots help prevent soil erosion and improve soil structure. Additionally, it can absorb and store a significant amount of carbon dioxide, making it beneficial for mitigating climate change.
Botanical Name : Paulownia elongata
Common Name : Empress Tree
Height : 40- 50 ft
Spread : 30 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires light for germination. Sow under glass.
Hardiness zone : 7+
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 187,500