Coronilla varia (Penngift Crownvetch) is a herbaceous perennial plant native to Europe and Asia. It is widely cultivated as a ground cover and erosion control plant due to its rapid growth and spreading nature.
Appearance: Penngift Crownvetch is a trailing or climbing plant that forms dense mats of foliage. It has compound leaves with numerous small leaflets, giving it a feathery appearance. The leaflets are gray-green in color and have a silky texture. The plant produces numerous small, pink to white pea-like flowers that are arranged in dense clusters at the tips of the stems.
Growth Habit: Crownvetch is a vigorous and fast-growing plant that spreads by trailing stems that root at the nodes, allowing it to form a dense ground cover. It can reach a height of up to 30 centimeters (12 inches) and spread several meters wide.
Soil and Growing Conditions: Crownvetch is adaptable to a range of soil types but prefers well-drained soils. It can tolerate poor, rocky, or sandy soils and is often used for erosion control on slopes, banks, and road embankments. It is also tolerant of drought conditions once established. It grows best in full sun but can tolerate some shade.
Erosion Control: Penngift Crownvetch is valued for its ability to control soil erosion. Its extensive root system and dense foliage help stabilize the soil and prevent erosion on slopes and other vulnerable areas. It is often used in highway beautification projects, roadside plantings, and mine reclamation efforts.
Wildlife Value: Crownvetch provides nectar and pollen for bees and other pollinators. The flowers are attractive to butterflies as well.
Maintenance: Once established, Crownvetch requires minimal maintenance. It is a low-maintenance plant that does not require frequent watering or fertilization. However, it may require occasional pruning or trimming to prevent it from encroaching on adjacent areas.
Botanical Name : Coronilla varia
Common Name : Penngift Crownvetch
Height : 2-4 ft
Spread : 2- 3ft
Germination Info : Seed does not require a pre-treatment
Hardiness zone : 5-8
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 6,250