Cornus mas (Cornelian Cherry) is a small deciduous tree or shrub native to Europe and western Asia. It is valued for its attractive flowers and edible fruit. Cornelian Cherry typically grows to a height of 4 to 8 meters (13 to 26 feet) and has a rounded, spreading habit. It has dark green, ovate leaves that turn reddish-purple in the fall, providing a colorful display. In late winter to early spring, before the leaves emerge, the tree produces small, bright yellow flowers that are clustered together.
Fruit: The fruit of Cornus mas is a drupe, commonly referred to as a "cherry." The cherry-like fruits are oblong and typically bright red when ripe, though some cultivars may have orange or yellow fruits. The fruits are edible and have a sweet and tart flavor. They are often used in jams, jellies, preserves, and beverages.
Cultivation: Cornelian Cherry is cultivated for both ornamental and fruit-bearing purposes. It is adaptable to a range of soil types and can tolerate both full sun and partial shade. It prefers well-drained soil and is relatively drought-tolerant once established. It is hardy in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8.
Wildlife Value: The fruits of Cornelian Cherry are a valuable food source for birds and wildlife. They are known to attract various bird species, including thrushes and waxwings. The tree also provides habitat and nesting sites for birds.
Medicinal Uses: Cornelian Cherry has a history of traditional medicinal uses. The fruits are rich in vitamin C and antioxidants and have been used to boost the immune system, aid digestion, and promote overall health. However, it's important to consult with a healthcare professional before using any plant for medicinal purposes.
Ornamental Use: Cornelian Cherry is grown as an ornamental plant for its early spring flowers and colorful fruits. It adds visual interest to gardens and landscapes, particularly during the winter months when its bright yellow flowers stand out against the bare branches.
Pruning: Cornus mas responds well to pruning and can be shaped or pruned to maintain its desired size and form. Pruning is typically done after flowering to promote vigorous growth and maintain a pleasing shape.
Botanical Name : Cornus mas
Common Name : Cornelian Cherry
Height : 15-25 ft
Spread : 12-18 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires 60-120 days warm stratification followed by 60-120 days cold stratification
Hardiness zone : 4-8
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 125