Prunus persica 'Nemaguard,' commonly known as Nemaguard Peach, is a popular rootstock used in peach tree cultivation. It is a specific rootstock variety of the peach tree (Prunus persica) species, known for its resistance to nematode infestations, particularly root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.).
Rootstock: Nemaguard is primarily used as a rootstock, meaning it serves as the root system and lower part of the trunk onto which other peach cultivars are grafted. The chosen peach scion (upper part) is grafted onto the Nemaguard rootstock, combining the desirable traits of the scion with the rootstock's nematode resistance.
Nematode resistance: One of the main reasons for using Nemaguard as a rootstock is its ability to resist nematode infestations. Nematodes are microscopic worms that can damage the roots, leading to stunted growth and reduced fruit production. By using Nemaguard, peach trees can be protected from these harmful pests.
Vigorous growth: Nemaguard rootstock tends to produce vigorous growth in the grafted peach tree, which can positively impact the overall tree health and fruit production.
Compatibility: Nemaguard is compatible with a wide range of peach scion varieties. This flexibility allows growers to select different peach cultivars while still benefiting from the rootstock's nematode resistance.
Soil adaptation: Nemaguard performs well in various soil types, including sandy loam and clay soils, which makes it suitable for a diverse range of peach-growing regions.
Pruning and maintenance: Like most peach trees, Nemaguard Peach requires regular pruning to maintain shape, remove dead wood, and improve air circulation within the canopy. Adequate irrigation and fertilization are also essential for optimal growth and fruit production.
Botanical Name : Prunus persica nemaguard
Common Name : Nemaguard Peach
Height : 20- 30 ft
Spread : 15- 25 ft
Germination Info : Seed requires 60-90 days cold moist stratification
Hardiness zone : 5-7
Other info : Other Info: Flower color ranges from white to pink
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 9