Caragana arborescens (Siberian Pea Tree) is a deciduous shrub or small tree native to Siberia and various regions of Asia, including China and Mongolia. It is widely cultivated in other parts of the world for its ornamental and ecological value.
Appearance: Siberian Pea Tree typically grows to a height of 10 to 20 feet (3 to 6 meters), although it can reach up to 30 feet (9 meters) in some cases. It has a multi-stemmed, spreading growth habit with an upright, vase-shaped form. The leaves are compound and consist of small leaflets, typically 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 centimeters) long. The foliage is bright green and turns yellow in the fall.
Flowers: Siberian Pea Tree produces small, bright yellow flowers in late spring to early summer. The flowers are pea-like in shape and are arranged in clusters. They are attractive to bees and other pollinators.
Fruit: After the flowers, Siberian Pea Tree produces small, pea-like pods that contain seeds. The pods are initially green and mature to a brown color. These pods persist into winter and can add ornamental interest to the plant.
Landscape Use: Siberian Pea Tree is valued for its hardiness, adaptability, and nitrogen-fixing ability. It is often used in landscaping for erosion control, windbreaks, and as a wildlife habitat. It can also be planted as a specimen plant or in mixed borders.
Maintenance: Siberian Pea Tree is relatively low-maintenance once established. It can tolerate a range of soil types, including poor and alkaline soils. It prefers full sun but can tolerate some shade. Regular watering is necessary during the establishment period, but once established, it becomes more drought-tolerant. Pruning can be done to maintain a desired shape and remove any dead or damaged branches.
Ecological Importance: Siberian Pea Tree is known for its nitrogen-fixing ability, which means it has a symbiotic relationship with nitrogen-fixing bacteria in its roots. This ability enriches the soil with nitrogen, benefiting other plants growing nearby.
Botanical Name : Caragana arborescens
Common Name : Siberian Pea Tree
Height : 10- 15 ft
Spread : 5 ft
Germination Info : Soak seed 10-12 hours in water prior to sowing
Hardiness zone : 2-7
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 1,000