Actinidia chinensis (Chinese Kiwi, Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwi-Berry, Yang-Tao) is a fruit-bearing tree in the Actinidiaceae family. While it is often referred to as a tree, it is technically a woody vine or climber that requires support for optimal growth.
The Chinese Kiwi is native to China and is well-known for its delicious and nutritious fruits, commonly referred to as kiwifruit or kiwi. The fruits are typically oval or egg-shaped, with a brown, fuzzy skin and vibrant green flesh inside. They have a sweet and tangy flavor, often described as a combination of strawberry, melon, and banana.
In terms of cultivation, the Chinese Kiwi thrives in well-drained soil and prefers a sunny location. It is a vigorous climber that requires a trellis or support structure to grow and spread. The plant is dioecious, which means it has separate male and female plants. To ensure fruit production, it is necessary to have both male and female plants in close proximity for cross-pollination.
Chinese Kiwi plants are known for their vigorous growth and can reach considerable heights. Pruning is recommended to control their size and shape and to maintain manageable growth. The plant also benefits from regular watering and adequate fertilization.
Chinese Kiwis are not as widely cultivated as the more common kiwifruit species, Actinidia deliciosa, which is responsible for the commercial production of kiwifruits worldwide. However, Chinese Kiwis can still be grown in home gardens and provide a fresh supply of tasty fruits when proper growing conditions are provided.
It is important to note that Actinidia chinensis, like other kiwi plants, is dioecious. This means that separate male and female plants are needed for fruit production. If you are interested in growing Chinese Kiwis, make sure to obtain both male and female plants or consider getting a self-fertile variety that does not require cross-pollination.
Botanical Name : Actinidia chinensis
Common Name : Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwi-Berry, Yang-Tao
Height : 15-30 ft
Spread : 10-15 ft
Germination Info : Seed will benefit from a short cold stratification up to 30 days
Hardiness zone : 6-10
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 21,000