Abies sibirica (Siberian Fir) is an evergreen coniferous tree belonging to the family Pinaceae. It is native to the boreal forests of Siberia and parts of northern Asia, including regions of Russia, Mongolia, and China.
The Siberian Fir is a medium to large-sized tree that can reach heights of up to 30 meters (98 feet) at maturity. It has a conical shape with dense branches that are covered in dark green needles. The needles are about 1 to 3 centimeters long and have a slightly flattened appearance. They grow in spirals around the branches and have a glossy texture.
One of the distinguishing features of the Siberian Fir is the silvery-white undersides of its needles. This creates a striking contrast with the dark green upper surfaces, giving the tree an attractive appearance. The needles also emit a pleasant scent when crushed, which adds to its appeal.
The Siberian Fir produces small, cylindrical cones that are initially green and later turn brown as they mature. These cones are typically about 5 to 10 centimeters in length and grow upright on the branches. They contain winged seeds that are dispersed by the wind.
This tree is well-adapted to cold climates and can tolerate harsh winter conditions. It thrives in moist, well-drained soils, and is often found in cool, mountainous regions. It prefers full sun or partial shade and requires regular watering, especially during dry periods. The Siberian Fir is known for its resilience and ability to withstand extreme temperatures.
In addition to its ornamental value, the Siberian Fir has various uses. Its wood is used in construction, carpentry, and for making pulp. The tree also plays a role in reforestation efforts, as it helps stabilize soil and provides habitat for wildlife.
In summary, the Siberian Fir Tree is a visually appealing conifer known for its dark green needles with silvery undersides. Its adaptability to cold climates and its attractive appearance make it a popular choice for ornamental purposes, as well as for its practical uses in construction and forestry.
Botanical Name : Abies sibirica
Common Name : Siberian Fir
Height : 98 ft
Spread : 20 ft
Germination Info : Seed does not require a pre-treatment
Hardiness zone : 2-6
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 1,563