Pyracantha coccinea c.s. (Scarlet Firethorn) is a species of shrub in the Rosaceae family. It is native to southeastern Europe and western Asia but is widely cultivated in various regions around the world for its ornamental value. The plant is particularly admired for its vibrant red berries and dense thorny foliage, which adds beauty and security to gardens and landscapes.
Appearance: Scarlet Firethorn is a deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub that can reach a height of 3 to 4 meters (10 to 13 feet) and a spread of 2.5 to 4 meters (8 to 13 feet). It has an upright growth habit with arching branches that form a dense, thorny thicket. The leaves are oval-shaped, glossy, and dark green, measuring around 2.5 to 5 centimeters (1 to 2 inches) in length.
Flowers: In late spring to early summer, Pyracantha coccinea produces small clusters of white flowers. These blooms are profuse and attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies. While individually the flowers may be unremarkable, the overall effect of numerous flowers together can be quite beautiful.
Berries: The most striking feature of Pyracantha coccinea is its abundant clusters of berries. These berries ripen from green to bright red in late summer and persist throughout the fall and winter months, adding a splash of color to the landscape. The berries are small, about 0.5 centimeters (0.2 inches) in diameter, and are edible, although they are generally quite tart and are not typically consumed by humans.
Thorny Foliage: As the common name suggests, Scarlet Firethorn has sharp thorns along its branches. These thorns serve as a deterrent to animals and provide protection for birds that feed on the berries. The thorny foliage also makes the shrub useful as a barrier or hedging plant.
Hardy and Low Maintenance: Pyracantha coccinea is known for its adaptability and resilience. It can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions, including poor or alkaline soils, and is relatively drought-tolerant once established. It prefers full sun but can tolerate partial shade. Pruning can be done to shape the shrub and remove dead or diseased branches.
Botanical Name : Pyracantha coccinea c.s.
Common Name : Scarlet Firethorn
Height : 6 – 12 ft
Spread : 6- 12 ft
Germination Info : Germination info: Seed requires 90 days cold moist stratification. ..... Hardiness Zones: 4-9
Hardiness zone : 4-9
Other info : C.S. (Cleaned Seed)
Average seed per ounce : Approx. 11250