Pinus pseudostrobus (Smooth-bark Mexican Pine) is a species of pine tree native to Mexico and Central America. Here are some key characteristics of Pinus pseudostrobus: Smooth-bark Mexican Pine is a medium-sized tree that can reach heights of 60 to 100 feet (18 to 30 meters). It has a straight trunk and a conical or pyramidal shape when young, gradually becoming more irregular and spreading with age.
Bark: The bark of Pinus pseudostrobus is smooth and grayish-brown when young, which gives the tree its common name. As the tree matures, the bark becomes rougher and develops furrows and ridges.
Needles: The needles of Smooth-bark Mexican Pine are evergreen and occur in bundles of five. They are long and slender, measuring around 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 centimeters) in length. The needles are typically bluish-green in color.
Cones: The tree produces large, elongated cones that can be up to 6 inches (15 centimeters) long. The cones have thick scales and a woody texture. They start out green and eventually mature to a brown color. The cones contain small seeds.
Habitat and Distribution: Pinus pseudostrobus is commonly found in mountainous regions, particularly in pine-oak forests, at elevations ranging from 5,000 to 10,000 feet (1,500 to 3,000 meters) above sea level. It is native to Mexico and Central America, including countries such as Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.
Uses: Smooth-bark Mexican Pine has economic and ecological importance in its native range. The wood of the tree is used for construction, furniture, and various other purposes. It also provides habitat for wildlife and contributes to the overall biodiversity of the forests where it grows.
Pinus pseudostrobus, the Smooth-bark Mexican Pine, is a visually appealing tree with its smooth bark, slender needles, and elongated cones. Its natural distribution in Mexico and Central America adds to the diversity of pine species in those regions.