Malus baccata (Siberian Crabapple) is a species of crabapple tree native to Siberia, Russia, and other parts of northeastern Asia. The Siberian crabapple is a small deciduous tree that typically grows to a height of 15 to 30 feet (4.5 to 9 meters). It has a rounded or spreading crown and often forms thickets due to its suckering growth habit. The branches of the tree are often thorny.
Flowers: In the spring, the Siberian crabapple produces clusters of fragrant white or pale pink flowers. The blossoms are about 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) in diameter and have five petals. They create an attractive display and provide a valuable source of nectar for pollinators.
Fruits: Following the flowering period, the tree bears small, round or oval-shaped crabapples that are typically about 0.4 to 0.8 inches (1 to 2 centimeters) in diameter. The fruit color can vary but is often red, orange, or yellow. The crabapples persist on the tree into the fall and are attractive to birds and other wildlife.
Leaves: The leaves of the Siberian crabapple are alternate, simple, and serrated with a glossy appearance. They are typically dark green in color and turn yellow in the fall, providing a beautiful autumn display.
Landscape Use: The Siberian crabapple is valued for its ornamental qualities and is often planted in gardens, parks, and landscapes. It is particularly attractive during the spring flowering period and also adds visual interest with its fruit and fall foliage. It can be used as a specimen tree, in mixed shrub borders, or for wildlife plantings.
Growing Conditions: The Siberian crabapple thrives in full sun to partial shade and prefers moist, well-drained soil. It can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including sandy or clay soils. The tree is cold-hardy and can withstand harsh winter conditions.
The Siberian crabapple (Malus baccata) is a versatile and attractive tree that offers beautiful spring flowers, small colorful fruit, and a contribution to wildlife habitat. Its adaptability and cold-hardiness make it suitable for various landscape settings, particularly in regions with colder climates.