LUPINUS perennis (Perennial Lupine) is a herbaceous perennial plant native to North America. Perennial Lupine is a herbaceous perennial, meaning it lives for multiple years. It belongs to the Fabaceae family, which includes legumes or pea family plants.
Lupinus perennis forms a clump of upright stems with palmate leaves divided into several leaflets. The leaflets are usually green and elongated, giving the plant a feathery appearance. The plant produces tall flower spikes that can reach heights of 1 to 4 feet (30 to 120 cm), depending on the variety and growing conditions. The flowers are pea-like and come in a range of colors, including shades of blue, purple, pink, and white. The individual flowers are arranged in dense clusters along the spike.
The flower typically blooms in the late spring to early summer, generally between May and July. The blooming period may vary depending on the local climate and growing conditions. It is highly valued for its striking and colorful flower spikes, making it a popular choice for perennial borders, cottage gardens, and wildflower meadows. The flower is also attractive to pollinators, such as bees and butterflies, as it provides nectar and serves as a food source.
Perennial Lupine thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers well-draining soil and can tolerate various soil types, including sandy or loamy soils. It is adapted to cool, moist climates and is commonly found in meadows, open woodlands, and mountainous regions.
Perennial Lupine, with its tall flower spikes and vibrant colors, is a stunning addition to gardens. Its adaptability to various soil types and preference for cooler climates make it a favored choice for landscaping projects. The plant's longevity as a perennial ensures that it will continue to grace the garden for years to come.
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Scientific Name: Lupinus Perennis
Common Name: Perennial Lupine
Plant Type: Perennial
Native Range: Western North America, also introduced in to Europe, Australia, New Zealand
Height: 12-36 "
Spread: 12-16 "
Habitat: Sand Prairies, Opening in sandy woodlands, Sandy Savannas
Exposure: Full Sun
Blooming Season: Late Spring, Summer
Attracts: Butterflies, Bumblebees, Hummingbirds, Honeybees
Resistant: Drought, Deer Resistant
Flower Shape: Large Pea-like flowers
Flower Color: Violet/Blue
Water Requirement: Low, Moderate
Soil Type: Moist Soil
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Advantage: Easy to grow
Uses: Wildly used as border plant, fences and walkways, beds and containers